Football-World Cup 2022: how many migrant workers died in Qatar?

Here is an overview of migrant worker rights issues in Qatar, which hosts the 2022 World Cup from November 20 to December 20. 18: WHAT IS QATAR’S RECORD ON THE RIGHTS OF MIGRANT WORKERS?

* Qatar, where foreigners make up the majority of the 2.9million population, has come under heavy criticism from human rights groups over its treatment of migrant workers. * A 48-page report by Amnesty, Reality Check 2021, said practices such as withholding wages and charging workers to change jobs were still commonplace, despite labor reforms in 2014.

* Qatar’s government said its labor system was still ongoing, but denied claims in the report that thousands of migrant workers in the 2022 World Cup host country were being trapped and exploited. HOW MANY MIGRANT WORKERS HAVE DIED IN QATAR?

* Britain’s Guardian reported last year that at least 6,500 migrant workers – many working on World Cup projects – had died in Qatar since it won the right to host the World Cup, according to the calculations of the newspaper from official documents. * In response, Qatar said the death toll was proportional to the size of the migrant workforce and included many non-manual workers, adding that every life lost was a tragedy.

* Max Tunon, head of the International Labor Organization (ILO) office in Qatar, warned that data on Qatari worker deaths are frequently reported without necessary nuance. * “The number (from the Guardian) includes all deaths in the migrant population … without differentiating between migrant workers and the general migrant population, let alone deaths resulting from accidents at work,” the ILO said.

* Qatari World Cup organisers, the Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy (SC), said there had been three work-related fatalities and 34 non-work-related fatalities among workers at venues of the 2022 World Cup. WHAT CHANGES HAS QATAR MADE TO ITS LABOR LAWS?

* Qatar changed its labor laws to dismantle much of its “kafala” sponsorship system, relieving workers of the need to obtain permission from the employer who sponsored their visa in order to change jobs or leave the country. * It also raised the minimum wage by 25% to 1,000 Qatari riyals ($274.65) a month, and applied it to all workers rather than just Qataris.

* Qatar has set up an insurance fund to help migrants who have been defrauded of their wages. HOW HAVE FOOTBALL ASSOCIATIONS ADDRESSED THE PROBLEM?

* Football associations from 10 European countries, including England and Germany, wrote an open letter to FIFA ahead of the World Cup calling on the world governing body to take action to improve the rights of migrant workers at the Qatar. * A group of 11 European football associations met with FIFA earlier this month, saying the governing body had confirmed its support for a permanent ILO office in Doha that would support and advise migrant workers.

* In September, the English FA said the families of migrant workers in Qatar who were injured or killed while building infrastructure for this year’s World Cup should be compensated. * Shirts worn by the Netherlands team during the World Cup will be auctioned off in support of migrant workers in Qatar, the Dutch Football Association (KNVB) announced this month.

* The Netherlands team said they would also take time during their stay in Qatar to talk to the migrants who helped build the World Cup stadiums. WHAT MEASURES HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED BY THE RIGHTS GROUPS?

* Amnesty and other rights groups have appealed to FIFA to compensate migrant workers in Qatar for human rights abuses by setting aside $440 million, the price of the FIFA World Cup world. * FIFA said it was assessing Amnesty’s proposal and implementing an “unprecedented due diligence process regarding the protection of the workers concerned”.

* FIFA added that it was working with the organizing committee and had already compensated a number of workers. * Amnesty also presented a 10-point action plan, calling on Qatar to “address serious shortcomings and remaining weaknesses in its labor reform process”.

(This story has not been edited by the Devdiscourse team and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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